What is permaculture?

Updated: Mar 5

And how is it different than regenerative and sustainable agriculture?


A few years ago, almost everything about agriculture was categorized as either conventional or organic. Today, all kinds of terms have come into the mainstream conversation under the banner of organic, from permaculture to regenerative agriculture to agroforestry. While many of these terms have overlapping meanings, they are all guided by a similar principle of being in tune with nature. Here, we’ll break down some of the basics.


Chicken scratching in the dirt with apples
Chickens can be a useful animal for your permaculture garden because they eat bugs, their scratching can aerate the soil, and their excrement fertilizes the soil. Image credit Olivier Mary via Unsplash.

What is Permaculture?

Permaculture is a design science focused on ecology. The term was originally coined by Bill Mollison. His books (some of which are in our Top 100 grower resources) are a guiding influence for many permaculture practitioners.